Drug Name : Opiates
Indications : The test detects urine opiates and is used almost exclusively to show presence of drugs of abuse in this class. Opiates in general are a group of drugs 'nacrotics' which are used medically to relieve pain, but which also have a high potential for abuse. Some opiates come from a resin taken from the seed pod of the Asian poppy. This group includes opium, morphin, and codeine. Opium appears as dark bron chunks or as a powder, and is usually smoked or eaten.
Morphine is a prescribed drug for pain relief, a metabolite of heroin, a metabolite of codeine, and a consitutents of poppy seeds. The intake of heroin by the user can only be proved by the detection of 6-O-acetyl morphine by the urine confirmatory test.
Normal Values : Negative
Critical Values : > 300 ng/mL
Test Method : High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), Gas Chromatography (GC).
Side effects : side effects - restlessness, nausea, and vomiting, cold skin, breathing slows down and death may occur.
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